Hyperpigmentation takes place when the skin produces more melanin. This can result in acne or patches of skin that become darker than in nearby areas. This is a common skin condition that affects people of varied skin types. Some kinds of hyperpigmentation, such as sunspots and melasma, are more likely to affect areas of skin that face exposure to the sun, such as the legs, arms, and face.
Other kinds of hyperpigmentation form after skin inflammation or an injury, such as lupus, burns, acne, or cuts. These can take place anywhere on the body.
Common causes of hyperpigmentation
• Skin inflammation
Areas of the skin can get dark after people have had irritation of the skin. This can comprise eczema, acne, injury, or lupus to the skin. People with darker skin are more likely to build-up post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
• Sun exposure
The body generates more melanin to guard the skin against extended exposure to the sun. This can cause dark spots or patches on the skin known as sun spots or age spots.
• Reactions to medication use
Certain medications, such as tricyclic antidepressants and antimalarial drugs, can cause hyperpigmentation. In these cases, patches of skin may become gray. Chemicals in topical treatments can also at times cause hyperpigmentation.
Dark patches of skin can develop when people experience hormonal changes. This kind of hyperpigmentation usually occurs during pregnancy.
• Medical conditions
The serious causes of hyperpigmentation include hemochromatosis and Addison’s disease. Addison’s disease influences the adrenal glands. It can cause hyperpigmentation in definite areas of the body, such as:
• inside of the cheek
• folds of skin
• elbows and knees
Hemochromatosis is a hereditary condition that causes the body to have surplus iron. It can cause hyperpigmentation, making the skin look tanned or darker.
Symptoms and risk factors
Darkened areas on the skin are the primary symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can differ in size and develop at any place on the body.
The primary risk factors for general hyperpigmentation are inflammation and sun exposure, as both situations can add to melanin production. The greater the exposure to the sun, the more is the risk of enhanced skin pigmentation.
Based on the kind of disorder, other factors for hyperpigmented patches may comprise:
• trauma to the skin, such as a superficial burn injury or wound
• pregnancy or oral contraceptive use, as seen with melasma
• medications that enhance your compassion to the sunlight
• darker skin type, which is more prone to pigmentation changes
Tips to get rid of hyperpigmentation
There are several treatment methods and home remedies that people can try to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
• Use a SPF 30 sunscreen or more to guard the skin and prevent hyperpigmentation from turning darker.
• To stop hyperpigmentation from forming after an injury, stop pricking at acne, spots, and scabs.
The following treatments can help to lighten dark patches of skin and get rid of hyperpigmentation:
• Topical creams or hyperpigmentation cream
• Cosmetic procedures
These are some of the ways using which you can get rid of hyperpigmentation.